The socio-economic impacts of the mines can be divided into predicted and realizable positive and negative impacts from the viewpoint of single citizens (income level and working possibilities) as well as mine localities (changes in economic structure with altered collected taxes). Mining companies are implementing periodic local industrialization politics and the operating time is defined by the ore body and the world market price of ore. Even if there are ore bodies but the world market price is too low for the mining company, the company can close operations as unprofitable.
Actions of mining companies and mine start-ups at some locality reconstruct the community both indirectly and directly – both permanently and temporarily as a change in the demand and supply of welfare services, as an increase in the working possibilities, and as a change in the nature (especially open pit mines). There will also be changes in the population structure because of mine worker’s age- and occupational and educational factors. Especially in the North of Finland, socio-economic and ecological questions are essential, because many localities have competing and even contradictory mining and tourism industry.
Boliden AB, Aitik Mine