Well-being and socio-economical dimension
When establishing a mine, there are always two essential dimensions. The other one is financial and the other one is societal / ecological. The financial part always comes from the national or international company that invests the capital in the stage of establishing the mine. The company takes into consideration the financial risk, which depends on the amount of ore, the richness of the ore and the current world market price of the ore. Timing has a big significance from the financial point of view.
The other part is societal / ecological. In this part it is considered how the company has considered the rising questions of employment and environment. The establishing of a mine in Sodankylä has many effects in the municipal economy. The salaries paid by the mining company also effects on the tax income and with this accrual the municipality is able to increase investments. On the other hand the municipality will receive costs from the socio economical aspect. Internationally owned mining company brings workers from different countries and the municipality will have to offer services with various languages, for example day care, school, social services and health care. There are increasing costs also in land use planning, housing and logistic services. When the mining company has just recently established its operations, it is difficult to precisely calculate the expenses and revenues. In the stabling stage there are many other unpredicted costs besides the construction process, for example environmental protection. The financial and societal / ecological effects to the municipality and its environment can be calculated only until longer timespan. When effects are being viewed, the financial, socio economical, health and ecological effects should be considered. Environmental protection is an important issue of a municipality and the cooperation between the municipality and the mine is vital. The development of municipal services is in the beginning, since the mine has only recently established its operations. More knowledge and prediction of urban and traffic planning is needed.
From the mine’s point of view the socio economic dimensions will rise up so that working at the mine is easy in a way that transportation to and from mine is working, housing is supported and health services are accessible. There are also many younger people working at the mine, so that the unemployment rate has decreased in Sodankylä. There is an equal chance to get employed at to the mine, regardless of age or gender. The most important thing is that the worker manages the work.
From the municipality’s and mine’s point of view the wellbeing in the area has increased and these two facets benefit from one another. The wellbeing and socio economical dimensions of municipal and mine workers have been examined with the triangulative method in the MineHealth project.
Boliden AB, Aitik Mine